Tiger Lily or Turk's Cap - Lilium lancifolium or Lilium tigrinum or Lilium superbum - not an American native
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But guess what? They are actually native to eastern Guam, China, Korea and Japan. It was first shipped to Europe in 1870, according to Phagat's Garden.
The unscented flowers bloom on top of 5-foot tall stems and the seeds form along the stem where each leaf emerges. The pollinated seeds become plants in 2 years.
The bulbs grow their roots during the winter so the bulbs are planted no later in the season than the fall.
According to the Pacific Bulb Society, "The Tiger Lily has a reputation as the "Typhoid Mary" of the lily world, being very resistant to disease and virus tolerant which equals a risk to other lilies."
Tiger Lily bulbs are said to taste like potatoes or turnips when boiled though I've never tried them as a food.
There is quite a bit of confusion about the genetics, names and identification of Turk's Cap lilies. But if you love a really tall plant with outrageous flowers, having a few of these will make you very happy for the month they are in bloom.