We planted seed potatoes in 8 cages and soil-surface planted the rest of the seed potatoes in the garlic bed.
The raised bed where the garlic is planted had to be weeded first, of course. For surface sowing: Place the potatoes in the bed, then put 8 inches of wheat straw on top and water it down.
I did a germination test on some winter squash seeds and this is what the seeds look like when they emerge. Huge roots and leaves grow out of the seeds. It's a true miracle, I tell you.
For perspective, here's the vegetable garden 2 months ago. A far cry from what it looks like tonight.