31 January 2013

SunPatiens - Impatiens for sunny locations

Gardeners have been planting Impatiens in shady spots for decades. There are now 850-species of these sweet, flowering, members of the Balsam family. Their common names (Touch-Me-Not, Garden Balsam, Balsamina, Busy Lizzie and Patience Plant) come from their seedpods “impatiently” exploding when touched.

The familiar, shade-loving Impatiens, Impatiens walleriana, is perennial in its native east Africa and most gardeners north of Africa treat them as annuals, allowing them to die at the end of each season.  They are easy to over-winter indoors or start from seed, and stem-cuttings root quickly in water.

Thompson & Morgan (tmseeds.com) sells Impatiens seeds as I. Walleriana and I. Balsamia on their U.S. site and as Busy Lizzie on their British site.

The Royal Horticultural Society awarded Garden Merit status to several Impatiens including: Accent Series (8-inches tall), Blackberry Ice, Elfin White and Red, Super Elfin, Fiesta Ole and Wink and Blink. Super Elfin from Costa Rica is the one usually sold in garden centers. The plants are spreading and flat (10-in tall) in colors from pastels to violet and red.

One seed catalog, Swallowtail Gardens, offers seeds of 60 Impatiens varieties (www.swallowtailgardenseeds.com). Start the seeds mid-March inside on a heat mat (60-65 degrees F) in a sunny window sill.

New Guinea Impatiens, Impatiens hybrida I Hawkeri, introduced in 1972, did not catch on with the public right away but now there are hundreds of cultivars, leaf forms and flower colors for window boxes, hanging planters, landscape beds, etc. They are perennials in zones 9 to 15 and grown as annuals elsewhere.

Most New Guinea Impatiens hawkeri are grown from cuttings but they can also be started from seed. Harris Seed (harrisseed.com) offers 8 seed varieties from the disease-resistant Divine Series.

Start New Guinea Impatiens seeds indoors under warm conditions where the seedlings can develop strong root systems. Once established, transplant them into packs or pots. Plant outside in part-shade after all danger of frost has passed.

SunPatiens (www.sunpatiens.com) are the new stars of the Impatiens genus since they thrive in our now-hotter climates, resist mildew from humidity, and can take full sun.

A single plant in the award-winning spreading SunPatiens series replaces 4 traditional plants and grows 30-inches tall (americangardenaward.com). The Compact Series has a 2-foot-mounded habit.

SunPatiens, a hybrid of the old-fashioned Impatiens walleriana and New Guinea impatiens (Impatiens hawkeri), have thicker leaves and stronger stems.

They were a huge success at the Dallas Arboretum Plant Trials (www.dallasplanttrials.org).  Four-inch pots were planted in the sunniest, hottest, section of the trial garden where they would not receive even filtered shade in the Dallas summer. They thrived, growing and blooming all season.

SunPatiens are available in upright and spreading forms with flower colors in white, lilac, coral, rose, red and magenta. The spent flowers do not have to be removed to keep the plants blooming and the stems can be pinched back to renew them for thicker growth and shorter plants.

In the Dallas trials the best plants were the white, orange, and magenta, which grew 2-feet tall.

SunPatiens want full-sun or a minimum of full-afternoon-sun. For beds with less light, use regular shade-loving Impatiens or one of the half-shade hybrids.

Whether in the shade, half-shade or full sun, all Impatiens require regular water but try not to drown them. Allowed to dry out to the point of wilting before watering, they will flower more and remain more compact.

SunPatiens grow 2-3 feet tall with 2-3 inch flowers. No trimming is necessary but you can prune them for shaping.

For shade choose Impatiens walleriana; for part-sun plant New Guinea Impatiens and in afternoon or full-sun fill the bed or containers with SunPatiens.

29 January 2013

Cutworms in your gardens

Purdue Extension - Cutworms

Cutworms overwinter under weeds, leaves stones and paths, ready to emerge on warm days to eat through your vegetables. Cutworms are not actually worms, but the caterpillar of a moth.

They can be the larvae of Feltia jaculifera, Noctuidae, Turnip moth or Agrotis moths. Here's a helpful link http://bugguide.net/node/view/10464

It's 70 outside so I'm watering and weeding around the veg garden and finding dozens of these Dingy Cutworms and tossing them out to the birds.

Keep an eye out as you work in the garden and toss them.

Purdue Extension --
"Most cutworms overwinter as pupae in the soil or as young larvae, however some move into the Midwest as moths from southern latitudes. After emerging or arriving in the Midwest, moths mate then deposit eggs on soil, weeds, and/or crops (arriving moths may have already mated). 
Cutworm lifecycle
Black Cutworm Iowa State

   Cutworm damage may be prevalent where soybean is planted or replanted late (e.g., bottom ground wet from spring flooding) and in fields with weedy growth. Cutworm presence may be evident before or after planting on several types of host plants."
Purdue Extension - Cutworms

"Cutworms remain hidden in the soil during the day, but may feed throughout the day below the soil surface. To find them, examine the top 3 inches (7.6 cm) of soil around damaged plants. Some cutworms may be easily overlooked because their body colors blend in with the soil."

Also see the U. MN Ext information at

27 January 2013

Freight Farms - shipping container hydroponic farming systems

Freight Farms
Surveys indicate that, given the choice, we consumers choose local over organic and a containerized farm might be just the ticket for some neighborhoods. 

Must see their videos - http://kck.st/syZblG and/or

Their Facebook page is more lively than their website -

From their website freightfarms.com

A local solution for the ne
generation of global food supply.

Freight Farms create access to food in areas of the world where the climate cannot support traditional farming methods. The Freight Farms’ system brings a high volume of fresh, quality and affordable food within reach of everyone along the food supply chain. By enabling high-yield crop production in any climate, Freight Farms offer an immediate foundation to grow a local food economy and sustainable food system.

Accessibility, Affordability, Sustainability

Freight Farms decrease the production costs and environmental impact of fresh produce by locating production much closer to the end consumer. Freight farms use less water than traditional agriculture and eliminate the need for pesticides or herbicides.

Harvest The Benefits

  • No Pesticides, No Herbacides
  • Smaller Footprint, Greater Yields
  • Superior Taste, Quality, Appearance and Uniformity
  • No weeds, No Cultivation, No Soil Borne Diseases or Insects.
  • Less Water and Less Energy Required.
  • Optimum Growth, Year-Round Growing Season, Maximum Plant Nutrition.
The Boston Business Journal http://www.bizjournals.com/boston/blog/startups/2012/11/freight-farms-launches-first-container.html

Boston startup Freight Farms has commercially launched its first shipping container farming systems, which will be growing food in Boston for wholesaler Katsiroubas Brothers Fruit and Produce.

Freight Farms raised $31,000 on Kickstarter last December and took part in this year's MassChallenge accelerator. http://www.kickstarter.com/projects/488253196/freight-farms-grow-fresh-food-in-any-environment
The startup plans to begin raising its first funding round next week, and will be seeking $1 million, co-founder Brad McNamara said.

The company has developed a shipping container that can be used to grow veggies year-round in virtually any location, using hydroponics, vertical growing systems, LED lighting and software monitoring to produce the crops.

The system can grow leaf crops, vine crops and herbs at 65 times the yield of traditional agriculture on a per-acre basis, McNamara said.

The efficiency improvement of the systems, along with the advantage of not having to pay for thousands of miles of transportation and shipping for the food, is aimed at appealing to urban food distributors that are looking to gain control of some of their supply, McNamara said.

Freight Farms has delivered two of the 40-foot-long container farming systems to Katsiroubas Brothers, located at 40 Newmarket Square, which has stacked the containers on top of each other, McNamara said.

The systems will be used to grow basil, with the first commercial harvesting set to start in early 2013, he said.

"We've put two containers on the ground in Boston and have letters of intent for hundreds more around the country," he said in an email. "We will be holding off on international orders until we have secured funding and have the resources to ensure quality for our international customers."

Smartphone Apps for Growers

Applications or apps for smartphones are ubiquitous and now there are hundreds of them for growers, gardeners and horticulturists.

  Dharmendra Saraswat, asst professor and Extension engineer for biological and agricultural engineering at U. Arkansas developed a site where you can search for smartphone apps.

Go to the link below
* select type (Apple ios, Android, Windows 7, Blackberry)
* price you are willing to pay for the app (free to more than $3.99)
* topic of interest (drop down menu topics from agriculture to weeds)

The link to Saraswat's Geospatial Technologies is

At that link, click on Geospatial Resources
When that window opens, click on Calculator and Tools
Scroll down to Smart Phone Apps Search Tool
or follow this link if if works for you

Most categories have only a few apps in them but they look like they were selected for being useful.

24 January 2013

Native American Plant Traditions

Oklahoma Native Plant Society Indoor Outing
Open to the public

Tulsa Garden Center
Feb 2, 9 to 3
Tulsa Garden Center, 2435 South Peoria
$7 on-site or pre-registration
Registration forms http://www.oknativeplants.org
Information Alicia Nelson - 918-599-0085, aknlsn@att.net

This year the Oklahoma Native Plant Society Indoor Outing is titled “Native Oklahoma: Plants and People”. The speakers, demonstrations and vendors will focus on the importance of native plants to Oklahoma’s cultural heritage as a means of sustainable living, food and art.

Members from the Northeast, Crosstimbers, Central and Southwest chapters of the Oklahoma Native Plant Society are participating to present a day filled with speakers and demonstrations.

Alicia Nelson, president of the Northeast Chapter said, “The rich Native American heritage of OK includes the integration of native cultures with the diversity of our native plants.”

Dr. Hunter Osage Nation Museum
The day begins at 9 with continental breakfast, educational booths and native plant vendors.

At 10 Dr. Andrea Hunter will speak on “Osage Plant Use in the Past and Today”.

Hunter said, “I will discuss the types of native plants used by the Osage for subsistence, medicinal, ritual, and utilitarian purposes. I will also discuss the effects colonization had on the Osage in terms of native plant use and the limited use today.”

At 11, Rita Williams will speak on “Revitalizing Family Traditions for Food Survival: Gathering and Preservation of Seasonal Foods”.

Dr. Rita Williams - Muskogee Creek Nation

Williams, a Muscogee (Creek) Tribal Citizen, currently works with the Mvskoke Food Sovereignty Initiative in Okmulgee. She is Policy Coordinator, Chairperson of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation Food and Fitness Policy Council, and a former employee of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation.

Mike Berryhill, Muscogee (Creek) Tribal Citizen, is a self-taught traditional bow maker who credits his Grandfather, Joseph Berryhill for teaching him how to look for certain trees for bow making and taught him to make his first bow. Since retirement, Berryhill founded the Red Stick Bow Society and has been teaching bow making. His presentation is “Traditional Bow Making and River Cane”.

Mike Berryhill -Art Under the Oaks

Anthropologist Stephanie Berryhill, a member of the Deer Clan who works for the Mvskoke Food Sovereignty Initiative is presenting, “Possum Grape Use in the Muscogee (Creek) Nation”.  She will demonstrate how the plant was used by the Creek Nation and food sampling will follow her talk.

At 12:00 during lunch, Judy Jordan, co-author of “Plains Apache Ethnobotany” will give a brief introduction to the Southern Plains Indians of OK, as well as sell and autograph books.

At 1:00: The Cherokee Native Art & Plant Society will provide a group presentation by tribal elders and Rog and Shawna Cain, all of whom are designated Cherokee National Treasures. Their presentation is “How Cherokee Artists Use Plants and Interact with their Natural Environments”.

Shawna and Rog Cain said they will “focus on Cherokee National Treasures, especially the Elders, who as Tradition Keepers, continue to produce Cherokee art.” 

At 2:45 horticulturist Russell Studebaker will give a program titled, “Guided Tour and History Presentation at the Creek Council Oak Tree Park” (www.tulsaokhistory.com)

Native plant vendors at the event will include: Wild Things Nursery  ridgewww.wildthingsnursery.com, Pine Ridge Nursery http://www.pineridgegardens.com/special.htmand Groggs Green Barn http://groggsgreenbarn.com/.

Demonstration booths include: Cherokee artisans, Creek basket weaving, information on how to propagate and plant native species, and Oxley Nature Center Director Eddie Reese will demonstrate how Yucca was used to make soap and rope.

Eddie Reese - OxleyNature Center

The ONPS Northeast Chapter holds a Monday evening meeting at the Tulsa Garden Center in Mar, May, Sep and Dec. All the chapters organize several wildflower walks and outings, plus a 2-day annual meeting and the Indoor Outing. The NE Chapter holds Wildflower Fridays on the third Fri. of each month at Panera Bread on 41st and Hudson in Tulsa at 5:30 pm.

Membership in ONPS is $15 individual, $20 family and $5 student. The winter 2012 issue of their newsletter Gaillardia is on the ONPS website at http://www.oknativeplants.org/Gaillardia/Winter12.pdf.  There is an on-going native plant discussion on their Facebook page.

23 January 2013

Bird Calls 150,000 of them - from Cornell U.

Open Culture broke the news that Cornell U. is launching an archive of 150,000 bird calls and animal sounds. www.openculture.com

Ornithologists and bird watchers rejoice. After a dozen years, The Cornell Lab of Ornithology’s Macaulay Library has fully digitized its nearly 150,000 audio recordings (a total running time of 7,513 hours), representing close to 9,000 different species, such as the very unsettling-sounding Barred Owl (above). While the collection also includes the sounds of whales, elephants, frogs, primates, and other animals, the primary emphasis here is on birds (it is a Lab of Ornithology, after all), and there is an incredible range of calls. Cornell recommends some of the highlights below:
Earliest recording: Cornell Lab founder Arthur Allen was a pioneer in sound recording. On a spring day in 1929 he recorded this Song Sparrow sounding much as they do today
Youngest bird: This clip from 1966 records the sounds of an Ostrich chick while it is still inside the egg – and the researchers as they watch
Liveliest wake-up call: A dawn chorus in tropical Queensland, Australia is bursting at the seams with warbles, squeals, whistles, booms and hoots
Best candidate to appear on a John Coltrane record: The indri, a lemur with a voice that is part moan, part jazz clarinet
Most spines tingled: The incomparable voice of a Common Loon on an Adirondacks lake in 1992
Most erratic construction project: the staccato hammering sounds of a walrus under water
Most likely to be mistaken for aliens arriving: Birds-of-paradise make some amazing sounds – here’s the UFO-sound of a Curl-crested Manucode in New Guinea
Whether you’re an enthusiastic birder, practicing scientist, or sound-sample hunter, you’ll find something to blow your mind at the extensive collections of the Macaulay Library. Both amateur and professional naturalists, for example, can acquire, visualize, measure, and analyze animal sounds with a free version of the Cornell Lab’s proprietary interactive sound analysis software, Raven.
And admirers of the astonishing variety and beauty of the bird-of-paradise should stay tuned for the Bird-of-Paradise Project website, launching this month. Sign up to receive an email when the full site launches. Meanwhile, watch the project’s spellbinding trailer below.

Visit the Cornell Lab of Ornithology’s YouTube page for more fascinating bird videos.

22 January 2013

Spring Seed Starting is based on your freeze schedule

Botanical Interests just sent out a new seed starting chart - it's that time of year. Check out the weeks before last frost for seed starting projects indoors and outdoors -

Success depends upon counting the weeks between the last freeze date in your area and putting those seeds in the starting pots.

For example, the last freeze date for our NE OK zone 7 is April 15. Some years the last freeze is actually in March; other years it really does freeze in mid-April. All we can do is look at that average date and use the calendar to make our best guess.

In Albuquerque, New Mexico, for example the last average freeze date ranges from Apr 13 to May 7

Dates of the Last Spring Freeze Around the Albuquerque Metro Area
LocationElev. (ft)Early
5300MAR 6,
APR 13MAY 7,
Foothills (1991-2009)6120APR 12, 2005APR 24MAY 3, 2008MAY 2MAY 1APR 18MAY 3
S. Valley (1948-2009)4955MAR 25, 2006APR 19MAY 22, 1962MSGMSGAPR 7MAY 2
Los Lunas (1957-2009)4840APR 3, 2000MAY 2MAY 23, 1975MAY 4MAY 3APR 20APR 24
5015APR 13, 1990


In Lubbock, TX, the last freeze date ranges from Mar 28 to Apr 22!

In western South Dakota, the last freeze dates are between April and June! Look at this link -

In central Alabama the last freeze date is earlier, of course - between March 9 and Apr 15.
Earliest Final Spring FreezeFebruary 3, 1945 None in 1921*
Average Final Spring Freeze

There is a cool tool at http://davesgarden.com/guides/freeze-frost-dates/ where you enter your zip code (US Post Office) and get the last freeze date for your area. Click over and check yours.




19 January 2013

More about voles, rabbits and gophers - this time all about damage to roses

Roses of Tulsa, Inc. just put out even more information about a couple garden visitors.

Gophers do more damage to wintering roses than all of the other pest put together except under those conditions where deer are present. Each of these harm the roses by eating them. The Pocket Gopher eats roots. Your rose may look great one day and then the very next day it be wilting and dying. The pocket gopher lives entirely under ground except when it is changing locations or mating. They are very territorial and most of the time there is only one tearing up your beds and they are not very picky. They eat roots off many of your flowers and vegetables. Their presents in your yard can be detected by large mounds of soil in the yard with a tell tale indention somewhere around the perimeter. They are best poisoned because trapping them invites new gophers to the already made tunnels.
Cotton Tails are very numerous in the Tulsa Area and do not mind having their cousins, nieces, nephew and all other extended family dine with them. Rabbits generally eat new growth and are therefore very problematic in the spring and early Summer months. In the Winter they will strip bark and eat leaves. They leave a noticeable bare line around the plant up to the limits of their reach. Trapping them or killing them with a pellet gun are the most effective means of ridding yourself of these pest. Baring those methods you can try and use 1 inch web wire around the perimeter of the area you need protected.
rabbit fence

This is an example of a fence built by Roses inc to preclude cotton tails.
Last but by far not the least worrisome critter to your rose bushes in the winter is the Vole. Voles leave little trace of being around that are noticed by the casual eye. They do leave trails on top of the ground and burrow holes near their nest. They will nesty under building and around just about any structure. Voles do tunnel and eat roots, especially if the roses are well mulched or the earth is very friable. Voles are not especially afraid of people and in fact before I realalized what they were eating a long time ago, I had a couple that would come right up to me a I prunned in my garden. They would set an watch me for a long time and scamper and play. Treat them the same way as you treat gophers.
Be careful when purchasing product for critter control. There are many on the market and only a few that really work. Sonic or windmill chasers are seldom if ever effective and products containing caster oil will tend to run the critters to another part of your yard or the yard of your neighbors.
If you are having problems with these or other rose pest or just having trouble identifing which one is bothering your garden. Give me a call or e mail me at astelljes@cox.net and I will give you some help

17 January 2013

Holes in the yard - gophers, moles, voles, skunks, squirrels, birds, grubs,worms and other creatures

Holes in garden, lawn, and landscape can cause curiosity or frustration, depending on the gardener’s level of concern, the damage that appears to have been done, and where the holes appear.

Diagnosis should always come before buying an arsenal of poisons and traps, putting screening under all your bulbs, or trying to run the car exhaust into tunnels in your lawn.

Observe the size of the hole, whether there is just a tunnel or a mound of soil on top of the surface, with or without a volcano at one side.

pocket gopher
The lack of soil or castings around the hole could indicate a worm-seeking bird or an acorn-seeking squirrel.

Insects will work on decomposing roots for years and when they complete their work, the surface soil collapses into the space created in sort of an oblong tree root-shaped hole.

Squirrels live in trees or burrows and can damage crops, sprinkler heads, tree bark and roots. Use small traps to capture them.

Skunks live in other animals’ burrows. They eat mice, voles, moles, birds, insects, crops, birdseed, pet food and garbage. Look for freshly dug soil next to a 3 or 4-inch hole, building or woodpile or 1 to 3-inch deep and wide holes in the lawn where they are looking for grubs, voles, etc. Live traps and relocation work.

Vole holes/tunnels under leaves and grass are 1-inch in diameter with no mound. Often found near hostas, bulbs and potatoes where they eat the crown and roots.

Voles (meadow mice) look like little mice with short tails. Sharp gravel can help (
http://myhostagardens.wordpress.com). Prevent tree bark chewing by keeping mulch away from trunks. Use Havahart traps, mousetraps, poison or repellents.

Six-to-10 inch holes, scattered around the yard, with no soil mound are probably caused by skunks or raccoons. Use a baited live-trap and relocate.

Grass, root, tuber and bulb-eating gophers make a kidney-bean shaped dirt pile. 

Carroll Hunt, Tulsa Master Gardener, said, “Put one gopher trap at each side of the hole. Stake the traps with3-feet of cord or wire to prevent the gopher from dragging it off. Cover the hole with a rock or plywood and leave a ½ inch air gap. When the gopher closes the hole it will be trapped.”

Armadillo holes

are 1-to-3-feet in diameter and three inches deep.

Groundhog holes are usually near the garden or barn, 6-to-10-inches around, with a 4-inch high mound of soil.

Rats and chipmunks make holes about 2-inches around and there will be a one-inch high mound of soil under a slab or shrub.

Mole holes are 2-inches around, with a volcano of dirt and tunnels or runways of raised grass. Moles are insect and earthworm eaters with star-shaped noses and paddle-clawed feet.

Moles do not eat crops or roots but field mice use their tunnels to eat vegetable gardens. Use spring-loaded scissor traps to control them (www.themoleman.com).

Harmless, solitary and  Cicada-killer

cicada killer nest
wasp holes are ½ half to 1-inch around with thinly scattered loose soil, usually where there is no grass. Cicada-killer burrows have a U-shaped mound of soil at the entrance. Adults emerge June/July.

Crayfish holes are 1-inch wide, 2-inches high and made of mud balls.

Holes in the middle of the lawn, ¼ inch around with a 2-inch mound are made by ground bees

ground bee nest
A two-inch high and wide mound in the middle of the lawn is made by an earthworm.

Nickel-size holes, brown and dying grass or rolled back turf, is a sign of grubs eating grass roots. Poisoning grubs can harm pets, earthworms, etc. See http://turf.okstate.edu for prevention and cure methods.

I hope this helps with your garden and lawn care issues. I have been so curious about what's making all those holes in my yard, that I had to get all the information together in one place.

12 January 2013

Grey Hairstreak Butterfly (Strymon melinus) has Pink Caterpillar

Grey Hairstreak Butterflies are fairly common here in North America. Gray Hairstreaks fly throughout the US, north to southern Canada, South to Mexico and Venezuela.

Their caterpillars eat many many plants but do the most crop damage to beans and cotton. Favorite caterpillar foods include anything in the pea family (Fabaceae), mallows Malvaceae and Malva), beans (Phaseolus), clovers (Trifolium), and cotton varieties Gossypium).

Project Noah
Not all Hairstreak caterpillars are pink - some are the usual colors: beige, bright green, brownish, etc. But check out this guy - he's positively pink!

Shady Oak Butterfly Farm posted a photo of the pink caterpillar on their Facebook page today. http://www.facebook.com/#!/ShadyOakButterflyFarm

I've had hundreds of Gray Hairstreaks in our garden over the years and I have yet to see a pink caterpillar. I will be positively vigilant this coming butterfly season!

Their flights are May-September in the north and in the south they have three-four flights from February-November.
See Butterflies and Their Larval Foodplants at
 for a table of more caterpillar foods.
The page was photographed and compiled by Peter J Bryant, Dept. of Developmental and Cell Biology, U.C. Irvine.

If you are in the mood to poke around a bit more, the state of Ohio
has a cool page "Species A to Z Guide" at

10 January 2013

catalogs and online shopping - seeds, plants, chickens, tubers, bulbs, perennials, etc.

Catalogs and online shopping are the way gardeners make it through the winter months, so each year, my column features dozens of print and online resources. Some years it has been only seed companies. This year’s list includes Internet based retailers that sell seed, plants, tubers, chickens and everything else gardeners need in order to dream, to plan and succeed.

With few exceptions, most companies sell items other than seeds. A few sell only seed they grow themselves or contractors grow for them. Look for open pollinated varieties if you want to avoid GMOs.

Disease and insect resistant varieties are widely available from the larger companies. Seeds that are coated with clay making tiny seeds easier to plant, are called pelletted. Look for those in catalogs such as Johnny’s Selected Seeds.

Printed paper catalogs are few and far between as everyone is using less paper and wants to save money. Most seed sellers offer an online newsletter, write a growing tips blog, or email out materials to subscribers. If you provide an email address, many will contact you when their seeds go on sale.

Enjoy the pictures, and savor the vegetable, herb and flower descriptions at these stores -

Amishland Heirloom Seeds, www.amishlandseeds.com (grows her own seed)

Artistic Gardens, www.artisticgardens.com, 802-748-1446 (35 cent packets)

B and T World Seeds, http://b-and-t-world-seeds.com, Master List of 34,000 catalogs including roof garden seeds, Shady Condition seed list, Terrarium seeds, 5,000 food plants,  etc.

Baker Creek, http://rareseeds.com, 417-924-8917

Botanical Interest, www.botanicalinterests.com

Bountiful Gardens, www.bountifulgardens.org, 707-459-6410

Brent and Becky’s Bulbs, www.brentandbeckysbulbs.com (bulbs and perennial flowers)

Burpee, www.burpee.com, 800-888-1447 (free print catalog)

Bustani Plant Farm, www.bustaniplantfarm.com, 405-372-3379 (OK grown plants)

Chiltern Seeds, www.chilternseeds.co.uk

Conserving Arkansas Agricultural Heritage seeds are given to gardeners who agree to return seed to the seed bank. Swap calendar is at http://arkansasagro.wordpress.com

Cook’s Garden seeds, www.cooksgarden.com, 800-457-9703

Diane’s Flower Seeds, www.dianeseeds.com

Ethnobotanical Catalog of Seeds, www.JLHudsonSeeds.net

Fedco Coop seeds and tubers, www.fedcoseeds.com, 207-873-7333

Garden Medicinals and Culinaries, www.gardenmedicinals.com, 540-872-8351

Gourmet Seed International, www.gourmetseed.com, 575-398-6111

Granny’s Heirloom Seeds, Bolivar, MO, www.grannysheirloomseeds.com/

Heirloom Acres Seeds, New Bloomfield MO, 573-491-3001 and www.heirloomacresseeds.com

High Mowing organic seeds, www.highmowingseeds.com, 802-472-6174

Hometown Seeds, http://hometownseeds.com, 888-433-3106

Johnny’s Selected Seeds, www.johnnyseeds.com, 877-564-6697

Kitazawa Seed, www.kitazawaseed.com , 510-595-1188 (Asian vegetables and herbs)

Landis Valley Museum, www.landisvalleymuseum.org, 717-569-0401, German settler varieties

L'Atelier Vert - Everything French Gardening, www.frenchgardening.com
Lost Creek Shitake Mushroom Farm, http://shiitakemushroomlog.com, 800-792-0053

Native Seeds, Southwest Endangered Aridlands Resource Clearing House, www.nativeseed.org

Nichols Garden Nursery, www.nicholsgardennursery.com, 800-422-3985 (seeds and roots)
Old House Gardens, www.oldhousegardens.com (plants and bulbs)
Onalee Seeds, www.onalee.com (detailed seed packs)
Ozark Seed Bank www.onegarden.org, 417-679-1003 (receives and offers donated seed from members)

Park Seeds, www.parkseed.com, 800-845-3369 (free print catalog)

Plant Delights www.plantdelights.com, 919-772-4794 (ornamental perennials)

Pine Ridge Gardens, www.pineridgegardens.com, 501-293-4359 (Arkansas and OK native plants)

Pinetree Garden Seeds, www.superseeds.com, 207-926-3400 (free print catalog)

Renee’s Garden Seeds, http://reneesgarden.com – great seed packets

Richters Herbs Canada, www.richters.com, 800-668-4372

Sample Seed Shop. http://sampleseeds.com, 716-871-1137 (small packets)

Sand Hill Preservation Center, www.sandhillpreservation.com, 563- 246-2299 (heirloom poultry and seeds)

Seed Savers Exchange, www.Seedsavers.org, 563-382-5990 (Join for the best deals)

Seeds from Italy, www.growitalian.com, 785-748-0959 (generous packs)

Seeds of Change, www.seedsofchange.com, 888-762-7333

Sky Fire Garden, www.skyfiregardenseeds.com ($2 packs)

Sooner Plant Farm, www.soonerplantfarm.com, 918-453-0771 (Greenleaf Nursery plants)


Southern Exposure Seed Exchange, www.southernexposure.com, 540-894-9480 (free print catalog)

Territorial Seed, www.territorialseed.com, 800-626-0866

Thompson and Morgan, www.tmseeds.com, 800-274-7333 (free paper catalog)

Thyme Garden Herbs, www.thymegarden.com, 541-487-8671

Tomato Bob Heirloom Tomatoes, www.tomatobob.com (free paper catalog)

Vermont Bean Seed Co, www.vermontbean.com, 800-349-1071

Whatcom Seed Co, www.seedrack.com, (palms, bonsai)

White Flower Farm, www.whiteflowerfarm.com, 800-503-9624

Wild Things Nursery, www.wildthingsnursery.com  (OK native plants)

White Harvest Seed, www.whiteharvestseed.com, 866-424-3185 (survival packets)


Need more? Go to www.gardenlist.com for a list of lists!